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Muscular Adaptations in Drop Set vs. Traditional Training: A meta-analysis

The International Journal of Strength and Conditioning is the world's first in S&C and Sport Science to be 'Diamond' Open Access. We have recently published a new article by Max Coleman, Khalil Harrison, Roberto Arias, Ericka Johnson, Jozo Grgic, John Orazem, Brad Schoenfeld titled, "Muscular Adaptations in Drop Set vs. Traditional Training: A meta-analysis"


The purpose of this paper was to systematically review and meta-analyze the effects of drop set training (DS) vs. traditional training (TRAD) on measures of muscle strength and hypertrophy. We carried out a comprehensive search on PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, Web of Science, and CINAHL databases for studies that satisfied the following criteria: (a) had a randomized experimental design (either within- or between-group); (b) directly compared DS versus TRAD; (c) assessed changes in muscular strength and/or hypertrophy; (d) had a training protocol that lasted a minimum of 6 weeks, and; (e) involved apparently healthy participants. We employed a robust variance meta-analysis model, with adjustments for small samples. Study quality was assessed by the Downs and Black checklist. A total of 5 studies met inclusion criteria. Qualitative assessment indicated the included studies were of moderate to good quality. For the strength outcomes results indicated a trivial point estimate of the effect size (ES) with a relatively narrow precision for the confidence interval (CI) estimate (0.07; 95% CI = -0.14, 0.29). Similarly, results for the hypertrophy outcomes indicated a trivial point estimate of the ES with a relatively narrow precision for the CI estimate (0.08; 95% CI = -0.08, 0.24). In conclusion, DS and TRAD appear to have similar effects on muscular strength and hypertrophy. This would seem to indicate that both DS and TRAD are viable options for promoting muscular adaptations; DS may provide a more time-efficient alternative for achieving results.

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1 comment

1 Comment

Unknown member
Nov 17, 2023

I found this post on Muscular Adaptations in Drop Set vs. Traditional Training quite enlightening. The meta-analysis provided valuable insights into optimizing muscle growth. The visual representation, akin to the quality of images on depositphotos, added a layer of clarity to the complex subject matter. It's commendable how the content and visuals complement each other, making it easier to grasp the nuances of different training approaches. Great job!

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