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Velocity-Specific Relationships Among Eccentric and Concentric Force Velocity Profiles and Jumping Performance

The International Journal of Strength and Conditioning is the only academic journal in S&C and Sport Science to be 'Diamond' Open Access. We have recently published a new article by Barker, L., Loosbrock, A., Spry, E., Ciccone, A., & Grindstaff, T. (2024). titled, "Velocity-Specific Relationships Among Eccentric and Concentric Force Velocity Profiles and Jumping Performance".


The purpose of this study is to determine the relationships among force velocity profiles during eccentric only movements (eFVP), concentric only movements (cFVP), and dynamic performance during a countermovement jump (CMJ), squat jump (SJ), and drop jump (DJ). Nineteen collegiate baseball players (1.85 ± 0.04 m, 86.4 ± 8.2 kg, 21.1 ± 1.8 years) from a single NCAA Division I team performed CMJ, SJ, and DJ, drop landings from varying heights, and hex bar jumps with varying weights. FVPs were created with a linear regression using the drop landings for eFVP and hex bar jumps for cFVP, which were used to calculate slopes and area under the entire FVP and velocity-specific regions. Correlations analyzed the results with bootstrapping for 95% confidence intervals. Area under eFVP correlated with cFVP at r=0.51 (p<0.05), cFVP slope presented strong correlations with CMJ height and DJ height while eFVP slopes did not relate to jumping performance or metrics. Area under the faster regions of cFVP and eFVP produced moderate and strong relationships to jumping performance. The area under the FVP, especially when separated into velocity-specific bands, may be a key metric which can audit or provide insight into velocity-based training program effectiveness and athlete comparisons.

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