top of page

Weighted Vest Load Arrangement and Data Normalization Effects on Lower Limb Biomechanics During Countermovement Jump Landings

The International Journal of Strength and Conditioning is the only academic journal in S&C and Sport Science to be 'Diamond' Open Access. We have recently published a new article by Baus, J., Harry, J. R., & Yang, J. (2024) titled, "Weighted Vest Load Arrangement and Data Normalization Effects on Lower Limb Biomechanics During Countermovement Jump Landings"

Abstract

This paper assessed the weighted vest load arrangement and data normalization method effects on ground reaction forces (GRF), joint kinematics, and joint kinetics during the landing portion of the countermovement jump. Vertical GRF and sagittal kinematic data were obtained from 12 males and 12 females during countermovement jump-landings in 4 different loading arrangements (unloaded, 10% body mass load placed anteriorly, posteriorly, and split anterior/posterior). Two methods (body mass vs. mass*landing height) were used to normalize joint torques to determine whether common mass-normalization (type A) yielded different results than a jump-landing specific mass*landing height normalization (type B) in statistical significance. Mixed-model analyses of variance (α=0.05) and effect sizes (ES) were used to assess differences between sexes and loading conditions for each normalization method. Results show that for normalization A, significant statistical differences were found between sexes for peak vertical GRF, hip moment, and knee moment. Pooled sex peak vertical GRF and hip moments showed significant differences when comparing the unloaded with the back and front-loaded conditions. For normalization B, the peak vertical GRF also showed significant differences between men and women but with smaller effect sizes. Only the hip moment showed significant differences for both normalization methods but changed the magnitude of its effect sizes. Results suggest that different normalization methods could be considered for joint moments or GRF depending on the nature of the statistical significance of jump height.


Click the link below to read the full article:

 




0 comments

Kommentare


bottom of page