The International Journal of Strength and Conditioning is the world's first in S&C and Sport Science to be 'Diamond' Open Access. We have recently published a new article by Megumi Wakuda de Abreu Vasconcelos, C., Ricardo Lopes, C., Martins Almeida, V., Krause Neto, W., & Soares, E. titled, "Effect Of Different Grip Position And Shoulder- Abduction Angle On Muscle Strength And Activation During The Seated Cable Row"
The purpose of this study was to compare the peak force and electromyographic activation in different techniques of the seated row. Eleven recreationally trained male (28±5 years, 176±5 cm, 94±16 kg) and ten female (27±5 years, 168±8 cm, 65±11 kg ) performed an isometric and a dynamic assessment of the seated cable row and the preacher curl: pronated grip (PRO), supinated grip (SUP), neutral grip (NEU), 30° (30°), 60° (60°), 90° (90°) of shoulder abduction, and cable preacher curl (PC). Peak force and muscle activation of upper trapezius, middle trapezius, upper latissimus, lower latissimus, posterior deltoid, and biceps bracii were recorded during the isometric and dynamic assessment of the exercises. p values<0.05 were considered statistically significant. The peak force was greater when shoulder abduction angle was closer to 0° (PRO, SUP, and NEU) and decreased as abduction angle increased (60° and 90°). Muscle activation of the upper back (upper trapezius, middle trapezius) and posterior deltoid increased as abduction angle increased (60° and 90°) on both isometric and dynamic analysis. Muscle activation of the upper and lower latissimus increased as abduction angle was closer to 0° (PRO, SUP, and NEU) on both isometric and dynamic analysis. Biceps brachii activation on both isometric and dynamic analysis during the PC was greater than all other rowing conditions; among the rowing techniques, BB activation was greater during SUP, NEU, and 90° techniques. In conclusion, the closer to 90° shoulder abduction the greater UT, MT, and PD activity, on the other hand, the closer to 0° shoulder abduction the greater peak force, UL, and LL activity during the variations of the rowing exercise.
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